Types of Acne

What causes Acne and how to treat it?

The oil in our skin is made by sebaceous glands that reside in our hair follicles (pores). When cellular debris blocks pores, the sebum becomes trapped. Bacteria multiply, which feed on sebum, which then multiply further. The result is a comedone. The enzyme 5-alpha reductase plays a vital role in the production of sebum and is directly affected by hormones.

Key ingredients for treatment Acne

  • Salicylic Acid – exfoliate inside the pore
  • Hinokitiol – controls P.acne bacteria
  • Retinol – improved cell turnover
  • Zinc Oxide – physical UVA/UVB protection


When starting a homecare regime to combat acne, start slow, go slow and back off if needed

Even though very helpful in targeting pimples, salicylic acid and retinol can cause dryness and/or irritation in some individuals.  Often skin develops a tolerance to these ingredients over time so starting low and going slow is the key to effective treatment (always consult a skincare professional to advise on the best products to use).

Be patient

Acne will not improve overnight.  Acne treatments generally take time to work because some pimples exist deep within the skin.  Though some individuals may see early improvement, results can take up to 6-8 weeks.  The time period may be longer or shorter depending on acne severity and individual differences.  Be patient because you will love the results!

Acne Skin Tips

  1. Don’t touch your face. Your hands aren’t always clean, and the bacteria on them can cause irritation and pimples.
  2. Don’t pop, squeeze or pick pimples. Prevent scarring by leaving acne alone.
  3. Gently wash your face twice daily with a mild cleanser. Washing too frequently and scrubbing can irritate skin and aggravate acne.
  4. Use non-comedogenic (non-pore clogging) skin care and cosmetics.
  5. Avoid alcohol-based products. They strip skin of its natural moisture, causing it to compensate with increased oil production.
  6. Make sure your hair is clean. Oily hair can lead to acne around the hairline.
  7. Clean your makeup brushes and sponges. Prevent bacteria and dirt build-up by washing them in lukewarm water with a gentle cleanser or shampoo.
  8. Keep your smartphone clean with antibacterial wipes. Germs from your hands end up on your cheek and jawline while you chat, which could lead to pimples.
  9. Remove your makeup before bed. Regular washing prevents bacteria from spreading.
  10. Take note of what triggers your acne. Triggers can include certain foods, facial products, stress etc. Keep a symptom diary to help you make links over time.

Targeted professional treatments go hand-in-hand with a good homecare regime, and consistency in both can ensure that acne is managed. At Laser Clinic Galway, we not only customise a targeted plan, but we will be with you through your journey to advise and customise if needed.